Glossary of Terms
Aerial- Any firework which produces an effect in the sky.
Aerial Repeater- As aerial, but producing the same effect a number of times.
Airbomb- Single and double air bombs have now been phased out but similar effects are sometimes included in some cakes.
Angled- The tubes in the firework are angled so that they are pointing in different directions. This will create a fan effect, or "Z" firing, instead of having all shots shooting up vertically.
Apogee- The highest point a rocket or other projectile reaches.
Ball Rocket- A rocket with a ball shaped head, like a small shell on a stick.
Banger- A small cardboard tube that bangs. Now illegal in Britain, but lots of fun for many small boys in the past.
Barrage or Cake- A combination of several fireworks designed to fire with one single ignition. They are now very popular, giving impressive displays with less work.
Battery- A collection of fireworks fused in sequence to give great consecutive effects.
Bees- Stars swarming around, like a swarm of bees.
Blue Touch Paper- Once used for garden fireworks, now replaced by fuse. "light the blue touch paper and retire".
Bombettes- Stars bursting into small explosions.
Bonfire- All part of the celebrations!
Bore or Calibre- The size of the diameter of a firework tube. The bigger the bore, the bigger the effect.
Bouquet- A number of breaks of the exploding stars giving a bouquet effect.
Break or Burst- The burst of an aerial firework causing the colours and effects.
British Standard BS7114 (1988)- This is the UK standard for fireworks quality and performance. All of our fireworks are to this standard. Never buy fireworks that do not have the BS7114 mark on them.
Brocade- Bright and glittery sky bursts.
Burst- The burst of the projectile in the sky giving colours and effects.
Cake- A combination of several tubes linked together giving various effects that fire in sequence, lit with one single ignition. These can contain a few, or dozens, even hundreds, of smaller individual shells to produce many different effects. Now the most popular fireworks type around.
Candle (Roman candle)- A tube which ejects stars, comets and other effects.
Catherine Wheel- Nailed to a post, this spins and ejects various effects such as stars and whistles.
Chrysanthemum (Chrysanth)-The exploding stars leave trails, producing a circle, and getting brighter as the circle gets bigger.
Cone- A cone shaped fountain. Height builds up as the firework continues. Top quality cones give superb fierce buring effects.
Crossette- A group of stars that split into several more stars, leaving a trail as they spread out.
Curfew- Fireworks cannot be let off between 11:00pm [23:00] and 7:00 am [07:00] the next day.
Exceptions: Bonfire night (not after midnight); New Year's Eve, Diwaldi and Chinese New Year (not after 1:00 am [01:00] the next day).
Dragon Eggs- Cluster of crackling aerial sparks.
Driver or Motor- These are what drive catherine wheels to make them go around, And drive rockets into the air.
Dud or Damp Squib- A firework that did not ignite or produce the effects as promised. It is extremely unlikely that you will find any duds at Everall's.
Fallout- Cardboard, plastic, rocket sticks and similar debris that fall to the ground from aerial fireworks.
fan Cake- A barrage where tubes are arranged at angles, rather than straight up, to give a fan effect.
Fountain- A popular traditional firework that produces various low level effects such as showers of sparks, stars, whistles and crackles, and can last quite a long time.
Fuse- This is what you light to set off the firework.
Guy Fawkes- The Guy that started it all! Also known as Guido Fawkes and the best known person in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, the reason we have fireworks on 5th November.
Gunpowder Plot- Read a brief history of the gunpowder plot on our web pages!.
Jumping Jack- Banned long ago in Britain! Small fireworks that jumped about on the ground. Young boys had great fun lighting these near girls!
Mine- Often starting with a small fountain, a mine suddenly explodes at ground level, shooting up stars, whistles, bangs or other effects.
Palm- A firework that burns with a thick tail as it climbs into the sky, breaking into several "Branches" of sparks, looking something like a palm tree.
Peony- Spherical spread of coloured stars with few trails.
Pistil- A starburst that files out in different directions with few trails but thick coverage.
Portfire- A thin firework which burns with a small flame, like a pilot light, which is hand held and used to light other fireworks.
Pub Sale- Not the best place to buy fireworks, indeed such sales are illegal. Not only that but the quality may not be very good and the fireworks could be dangerous. Stick to the beer!
Pyrotechnic- Another name for a firework.
Rocket- A firework that takes off into the air, bursting with various effects. A rocket consists of three parts: a motor, the bit the fuse goes into, to give it lift; the stick which gives it stability; the head which has the effect in.
The actual price (not an inflated "recommended price") you pay for rockets gives guide to its quality and effect as sometimes size can be misleading, not always "big is best!".
Roman Candle- See "Candle"
Shell- A sphere fired into the air from a mortar tube, exploding in the air in a variety of colourful or noisy effects. Used by professionals.
Signle Ignition- (single ignition firework, single ignition unit, single ignition barrage, cake or combination firework). A combination of several fireworks, sometimes a few, usually quite alot, can be even hundreds. Linked together in one box and ignited with one fuse.
Some can give displays of several minutes. Gives impressive displays with mimimum work.
Sparklers- Probably one of the best known fireworks. Hand held fireworks that burn with bright sparks. Very popular with children, but care is really needed as the wire becomes very hot.
Time Rain- An effect created by slow-burning stars emitted after a sky-burst that leave a trail of large glittering sparks behind and make a sizzling noise. The "time" refers to the fact that these stars burn away gradually.
You Tube- A great place to watch examples of various fireworks!